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Author: Henry Minardi
Date: August 2012
Journal: Nursing Standard
Issue: Volume 26, Number 50
Keywords: Basic emotions, emotion recognition, non-verbal communication, research instrument
Aim: To develop a valid and reliable research instrument displaying six basic emotions represented by three ethnic groups (Asian, white British, and black African-Caribbean) and both genders, to assess ability to identify emotions from non-verbal displays. Method: A DVD was made by professional actors. Validity was assessed using two panels of qualified and practising health practitioners in mental health. Reliability was assessed using Cohen’s kappa. Findings: The instrument was found to be a valid representation of the six basic emotions and a reliable tool to assess emotion recognition. Conclusion: A new research instrument has been produced to assess participants’ ability to identify correctly emotions displayed by non-verbal communication.
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